The World Environment Day - Activity of Jing'an Citizens Questioning River Chiefs about River Regulation

Released on:2017-11-07

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The World Environment Day - Activity of Jing'an Citizens Questioning River Chiefs about River Regulation

Interview background:

Representatives of citizens from 16 communities along the river in Jing’an District questioned the Jing'an river chiefs in the Publicity Activity of Jing'an Citizens Questioning River Chiefs about River Regulation held on the World Environment Day. Jing'an river chiefs have responded to the questions of river channel which is most concerned by the citizens.

Introduction to guests:

General River Chief of Jing’an District, Deputy Secretary of the CPC Jingan District Committee, and District Mayor of Jingan District Peoples Government; Deputy General River Chief of Jing’an District, Deputy District Chief of Jingan District Peoples Government, Director of Jingan District River Chief Office, et al.

Host: Honorable Mayor Lu, leader from the Shanghai Municipal River Chief Office, representatives of the citizens, river chiefs, media friends, good morning! First of all, I would like to introduce the guests who attended this activity of questioning river about river channel. Lu Xiaodong, General River Chief of Jing’an District, Deputy Secretary of the CPC Jing’an District Committee, and District Mayor of Jing’an District People’s Government; Li Zhen, Executive Deputy Director of Jingan District River Chief Office and Director of Jing’an District Construction Administration Committee; Yuan Yuan, Deputy Director of Jing’an District River Chief Office and Director of Jing’an District Environmental Protection Bureau; and Gong Chenggang from the River Chief Office of Shanghai Water Authority. Representatives of the river chiefs from 11 sub-districts & towns, departments and enterprises in Jing’an District, representatives of river chiefs from villager committee and representatives of citizens from 16 communities along the river. I am Yao Kai, Deputy General River Chief of Jing’an District, Deputy District Chief of Jing’an District People’s Government, Director of Jingan District River Chief Office.

Host: This year is the key year to implement the action plan for water pollution prevention and control as well as eliminate black and odorous river. The CPC Jing’an District Committee and Jing’an District People’s Government have put emphasis on the task of small and medium-sized river regulation in the whole district. Works of river regulation in the whole district and river chief system are moving steadily towards the goal. We have just visited three regulation works of rivers including the Xiachangpu River, Pengyuepu River and Mayibang Creek. On the site, we have learned the actual situation of river regulation, and I believe that everyone has a preliminary feeling and impression. Next, we would invite the leader of Jing’an District River Chief Office to give us an overview of the progress of the small and medium-sized river regulation and river chief work.

Xu Hao: Leaders, representatives of citizens and media friends, I would like to introduce to you the progress of the small and medium-sized river regulation and river chief work. Today five parts: the first part is the background; the second part is regulation measures; the third part is the river chief work; the fourth part is publicity work, and the fifth part is following work.

Xu Hao: We all know that in addition to the Suzhou River, there are six district-managed river channels in Jing’an District, respectively Xujiazhai River, Jiangchanghe River, Xianfenghe River, Xiachangpu River, Zhongyanghu River and Mayibang Creek. Among them, the other five district-managed river channels are located in Pengpu Town except for Mayibang Creek in Daning Road Sub-district. Zhongyanghu River is the first three-star river channel with full score in the city. There are five river channels are our municipality-managed river channels, respectively Pengyuepu – Dongjiaojing River, Yujingpu - Xisitang River, Zoumatang River. In 2016, Shanghai Water Authority arranged a task on the regulation of black and odorous water in the completed district and all above-mentioned five channels have been listed in the directory. And the XuJiazhai River has completed the goal of eliminating black and odorous condition. The Shanghai Municipal Peoples Government proposed the targets that the black and odorous condition of the river channel will be basically eliminated in 2017; the water area will only increase and five kinds of abominable river channel will be eliminated in 2020. On this basis, CPC Jing’an District Committee and Jing’an District People’s Government take into account to improve the urban environment of the whole Jing’an District, to enhance the sense of gain of citizens, and to propose the construction of the riverside landscape through land area along river. The above is the background of the comprehensive regulation of small and medium-sized river channels.

Xu hao: Next, let me introduce the regulation measures. Firstly, it is generally known that the problem of black and odorous river channel reflects in river while the fundamental reason derives from destructing behaviors on shore. Therefore, the first thing to be considered when the One River One Policy is compiled in Jing’an District is the regulation of the shore. The illegal construction on both sides of the river channels can easily produce problems affecting the water quality such as direct sewage discharge and garbage dumping into river channel. Therefore, illegal construction a total of 70,901m2 was pull down along the rivers. The second factor affecting river water quality is water discharged from pumping stations. The water discharged from pumping stations that carries a large amount of suspended solid into rivers as well as initial rainwater severely polluted in surface runoff from urban rainfall cause the intermittent fluctuation of river water quality. In view of this, we first implemented the renovation of the Daning Lingshi rainwater pumping station and four waterlogging pumping stations and strengthened the maintenance frequency of the pipe network. And it will create the conditions for the realization of the water quality target in the next stage through the transformation of the pipe network. The third factor that affects water quality of the river is mixed sewage from rain & sewage pipe with illicit connection discharged into rivers directly. This is the drainage exit on the west side of the Xiachangpu River (Hutai Road-Lingshi Road). The domestic sewage is being discharged into river in dry weather. This year, taking this opportunity of comprehensive regulation of the small and medium-sized rivers in whole city, Jing’an District have strengthened communication and cooperation with neighboring areas; actively promoted the work of sewage interception and pipe collection, and completely eradicate sewage entering rivers.

Xu Hao: The destructing behaviors on shore have been settled down, and then we have to deal with the problems about river. That is regulation measures, the second part I have mentioned above-regulation of river channels. First, we have to implement river dredging because of its poor self-purification capacity and the influence on water quality of pollutants released from bottom mud when the pollutants in river are accumulated to a certain degree. Second, river oxygenation with artificial aeration, river reoxygenation acceleration and aerobes activity improvement in water would be effective to water quality improvement since most pollution types of urban rivers belong to organic pollution and black and odorous water is caused by anaerobic bacteria during oxygen-free period.

Xu Hao: Third, we adopt new technology-compound ecological floating bed. This technology can improve water transparency and efficiently reduce the content of pollutants, like organic matters, nutritive salts and heavy metals, by making use of plant roots, artificial carriers and adherent biological membranes and taking advantage of adsorption, precipitation, filtration, absorption and transformation. Fourth, clean water diversion from Suzhou River and Huangpu River is still employed as a traditional method to increase the power of river and invigorate water since the municipality-managed river channels in Jing’an District is located at midstream. The reconstruction of old water gates is beneficial to promote water diversion and transfer capability of water gates and increase the power of water. Fifth, the most basic flood control facility of urban river channels is flood control wall. Vertical retaining wall or two-level retaining wall should be adopted according to planning, design and local conditions. It will not only meet the fortification standards of 5-meter municipality-managed river channels and 4.5-meter district-managed river channels, but also satisfy the needs of ecology and landscape efficacy of banks. This year, we have cooperated with several water environment professional units both at home and abroad to explore new technologies for river channels regulation. Ecological corridor is one of the new technologies which have come into service at present. A complete set of ecological corridor mainly consists of ecological water purification screen, bottom biological carrier, microporous aeration and surface floating bed structure. The device is in fact applied for series of treating processes which will raise the efficiency of processing for dozens of times and even hundreds of times. These are the river channels regulation projects implemented in Jing’an Districtthis year. Among them, Project for East Bank of Pengyuepu River (Liuying Road-Luochuan Road) has been completed, while others are still in steady promotion.

Xu Hao: Land areas connection around river channels and riverfront landscape planning and construction are initiated by the CPC Jing’an District Committee and Jing’an District People’s Government as the third regulation measure. We will formulate a specialized planning for all the river channels including Suzhou River in Jing’an District. On this basis, we will carry out high-quality landscape design and construction for land areas along rivers in accordance with the goal and vision of “creating a consecutive urban hydrophilic wandering space, a natural linear riverside park and a hydrophilic and vibrant urban hub”. Recently, the riverside afforestation and landscape project along the land area around Pengyuepu (Lingshi Road-Wenshui Road) river channel to the model section is going to start construction and will be completed within this year.

Xu Hao: The work of river chief system is the third part of contents. The CPC Jing’an District Committee decided to set up a river chief system leading group in Jing'an District in February this year. The CPC Jing’an District Committee has appointed An Lusheng (Secretary of the CPC Jing’an District Committee) as the First General River Chief, Lu Xiaodong (Deputy Secretary of the CPC Jing’an District Committee and District Mayor of Jing’an District People’s Government) as General River Chief, Yao Kai (Deputy District Mayor of Jing’an District People’s Government) as Deputy General River Chief and other leaders of department as members of the leading group for river chief system. We have also established a Second-level river chief system in district & township, government departments & enterprises, as well as a Third-level river chief system for Suzhou River. Therefore, a full coverage of river chief system in Jing’an District has been realized. The Jingan District River Chief Office is located at No. 900, Wanrong Road. Please call 66081505 for consultation if any river-related problems are encountered. We have taken in the lead in setting up billboards with scannable Wechat official account public along the river channels and lakes. Except meeting, information reporting, work supervision as well as work evaluation and accountability system, ricer channels patrol system has also been established.

Xu Hao: I would like to introduce the fourth part-publicity work. “World Water Day” is a festival for water-related workers. A variety of publicity works will be performed in this day. Because of the implementation of river chief system in this year, we have invited the First General River Chief to issue the letter of appointment to the Second-level River Chief and to present “Clean River Protection Voluntary Services” with a flag. The good vision for regulation of Jing'an river channel is to “create a river without flood disasters, a peaceful life for people and beautiful landscape around rivers”. In addition, we have collected cartoon characters of “Hehe (river)”and “Meimei (beauty)” from the public via “Shanghai Jing'an” Wechat official account to let them become spokespersons for river channels construction and management. Works related to river channel and water environment regulation can never be completed without advocacy and support from citizens. To close the distance between citizens and us, we have prepared materials for presentation, performed disseminating activity “in communities, schools, enterprises and troops” and popularized knowledge about river channel regulation which has obtained support and encouragement from citizens.

Xu Hao: Finally, I would like to introduce the following work direction. We will further promote all kinds of work related to river chief system in accordance with the work requirements from Shanghai Municipal River Chief Office. Carry forward the full completion of illegal buildings demolition in land areas along rivers in a coordinated manner. Speed up the construction of model section along the banks of Pengyuepu River (Lingshi Road-Wenshui Road). Carry out river channel projects like black and odorous river channel regulation project. Around the goal of 2020 Shanghai Municipal Water Regulation, a four-staged regulation scheme for Suzhou River should be drew up and submitted to Shanghai Water Authority to ensure the completion of regulation goal in 2019.

Host: Central Environmental Protection Inspectorate has paid high attention to water pollution regulation situation in Shanghai. Next, we will invite Wang Cheng from Jingan District Environmental Protection Bureau to introduce the status of water pollution prevention, regulation and detection.

Wang Cheng: Distinguished leaders and citizens, good morning, . I would like to introduce the status of water pollution regulation carried out by Jingan District Environmental Protection Bureau. Jingan District Peoples Government has initiated water pollution prevention and regulation scheme since the beginning of 2016 which has clarified that those engineering and managerial tasks must be completed before 2020. The phenomenon of black and odorous water in river channels of the district shall be eliminated by 2017 and river channels of the district shall meet the requirements of landscape water by 2020 through the implementation of various regulation measures. Until May, 2017, half of 22 pieces of work have been finished and the others has already initiated. There are significant improvements in river channel regulation with the efforts from all departments in the district.

Wang Cheng: All the pollution indexes of river channels in Jingan District have been decreased. The major pollutants in water include ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus which is discharged from washing powder. And the major sewage contains domestic sewage. If we compare the average water quality value of 2016 to that of January to May in 2017, it can be found that the concentration of pollutants is reduced greatly and the improvement of water quality could be above 25% basically. From the second half year of 2016 to now, the water quality has been further improved. Currently, there are two ways for water quality supervision of river channels. One is to sample river channels in the district once a month with 12 major monitoring projects. Automatic online water quality monitoring station has been set up since 2016 because the monthly sampling cannot precisely reflect the change trend of water quality. The automatic online monitoring station will carry out consecutive analysis to water quality. In 2017, Jingan District Peoples Government requires to set up 5 more automatic online water quality monitoring stations. The automatic online monitoring station is able to carry out monitoring to 11 factors at the same time. Most data could be obtained in every 5 minutes and the data of ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus could be received in every 2 hours. Compared to previous data which should be obtained for one month, the new data possesses obvious real-time performance. And the station has played an important part in water quality pre-warning, analysis and evaluation.

Host: A livable environment should be built for the general public in Jing'an District. Illegal buildings which are located within the width range of 6m along rivers and 10m of banks of river channels should be demolished. On this basis, the riverfront landscape and afforestation scheme for the district is prepared. The designing scheme of riverfront landscape which connects Pengyuepu River and Wenshui Road has been determined. So the Jingan District Greenland Center is going to under construction. Next, we invite Gong Mingjun from Jingan District Greenland Center to introduce the construction of riverfront landscape.

Gong Mingjun: I would like to introduce the riverfront landscape in Jingan District. The current river channel landscape involves Pengyuepu River, DongjiaoJing River, Zoumtang River, Xisitang River and Xiachangpu River. The length of involved river channels in prepared design is about 9500m. And the interior land area is about 110,000m2. After illegal buildings have been demolished, landscape construction should be carried out. The Shanghai Municipal Peoples Government requires that the afforestation shall cover the width range of 6m along rivers. Because of the will of self-pressurizing, Jingan District Peoples Government decides to perform afforestation covering the width range of 10m along rivers. The landscape construction will combined with afforested public lands. Some of these lands will be involved in the construction of afforestation. As for the area of riverfront landscape construction, the public green space in both shores of river channels in Jing'an District covers an area of 140,000m2. Now I would like to briefly introduce the specific situations. Then, the design of river channels shall be performed based on the international high standard of new Jing'an District. First, construct a consecutive urban hydrophilic wandering space. Second, construct a natural linear riverside park. Rivers are scarce resources in Shanghai. We didn’t make good use of riverside resources before. Since Huangpu River does not flow through Jing'an District, Suzhou River has played a particular role. Besides, large drainage density in Jing'an District is highly precious and Pengyupu River happens to be a natural river connecting south and north area of Jing'an District. Therefore, we decide to take good advantage of riverfront natural landscape. Third, highlight the hydrophilism of the city. Riverfront lakeshore is still different from river channels since previous river channels are subject to flood control elevation. There is indeed a river, but we cannot see the water. So we make overhanging corridors and extend riverfront hydrophilic platforms to rivers. Second, we reduce the elevation which is closer to the surface of river so as to ensure the hydrophilism of citizens and abundant landscape functions.

Gong Mingjun: The 5 river channels we constructed, including Pengyuepu River, can connect south and north areas. Zoumatang River runs from east to west and connects with estuary in the west. The design scheme aims to build an ecological and livable new shoreline area, an activity space for citizens and international quality.

The design strategy is divided into three parts: consecutiveness, uniformity and characteristic. Uniformity includes arrangement along rivers, like handrails and road paving, which shall possess some Jing’an characteristics. For partial nodes, we need to arrange some characteristic landscapes. As for design elements, there are “three points” should be stressed. First, afforestation: It should cover the width range of 30m along rivers in some places, since only good afforestation can give prominence to ecological functions. Second, beautification: Add floor decoration, handrail facilities and new functions for elements overlap. Third, lighting: We can see the landscape not only in the daytime but also at night with light and facilities. The riverfront space is able to provide training field for citizens in all weather conditions.

Gong Mingjun: arrangement for the entire river channel covers a long length, which is almost 10km. The river channel arrangement has combined the new city management philosophy, adopting design of sponge city and perviousness to water and to light. In the past, urban structures were separated from soil in certain distance, and now, our walking spaces are basically connected with each other with certain perviousness to water. Soil and the urban area are interactive to some extent. This is the footpath with landscape, adopting certain perviousness. Looking at Jing’an District now, especially the northern part of Jing’an, we are not lack of green space, however, color and flowers are not sufficient. The northern part is mostly planted with camphor trees that are green all year round, so the color is relatively monotonous, missing out changes in the four seasons. Therefore, we have made some changes, first of all, we have selected deciduous trees so as to indicate changes of all seasons; secondly, we have selected flowering trees that can enrich landscape and provide shade in summer; the third one is related to the idea of design, that is, lamplight of house estates along the river is involved in the integrated design. Now, I would like to introduce the sample section of Pengyuepu River to be constructed this year. The sample section, starting from Lingshi Road and reaching Wenshui Road, is to be constructed as the sample of the entire district. Both sides of the river at this section cover more than 30,000m2, and the land here, due to the wide area and good treatment conditions, should be easily constructed. The Jingan District Peoples Government has agreed that the river channel should be of an independent width of 10m, and both sides of the Pengyuepu River will be provided with some public green spaces. We may not construct all available land this time, but the riversides will be enlarged, and the central region can reach 35m wide, which is sufficient to construct a belt-shaped riverside park. The design principles and objectives are consistent with our 5 overall objectives that have been reported just now.

Gong Mingjun: the overall layout consists of such three elements as the ecological demonstration, the vitality park and the riverside footpath. It also indicates characteristics of Jing’an. The space is relatively small because both riversides are only of a width of 10 m at the central region, but the 10-meter-wide space is designed with functional superposition. This is incarnated by the three lanes, that is, the riverside corridor throughout the river channel, the flood defense channel and the urban footpath. The “three in one” way is also a feature of riverside design. The layout is designed on such general idea that can connect the entire Jing’an District from south to north. As far as the scheme is concerned, the section between Wenshui Road and Yonghe Road is of comparatively larger space in the central region, and the area around Yonghe Road is suitable for constructing a belt-shaped park. The belt-shaped parks built along the riverside can be connected after completion.

Gong Mingjun: the fourth part is from Jincheng Road to Lingshi Road, and the riverside, subject to the conditions, should be constructed based on the width of 10m. We still have a long-term objective to create one large park on the west side of Pengyuepu River, and it will bring great changes for residents living in the north area; in addition, the park in the south area will also be wider than 10m. The sample section of Pengyuepu River should be entirely completed by the end of this year from the planned layout. According to the schedule, the entire work will be launched for preparation this month, and in the next month, the sample section of Pengyuepu River will be commenced for construction. The second part is to introduce the water body of all riverside parks in Jing’an District. The parks cover a total area of 104 hectares, and such 6 parks contain lakes as the Jing’an Park, the Zhabei Park, the Daning Lingshi Park, the Sanquan Park, the Lingnan Park and the Pengpu Park. All parks of Jing’an District have implemented water body measures in place. In respect to the area, the Daning Lingshi Park is of the largest water body, covering nearly 77,000m2, which has even attracted some wild bird to habitat. The Zhabei Park ranks secondly, which is connected to and interacted with natural water body to some extent. The Jing’an Park ranks thirdly, and its water body is man-made for landscape, which is laid on hard bottom.

Gong Mingjun: we plan to greatly reconstruct the Zhabei Park this year, and during the reconstruction, we will also focus on the water body and create more wetlands, including water body treatment and growing aquatic plants. The Lingnan Park has experienced reconstruction, reaching an area of more than 3,000m2. It has been provided with excellent measures in the last reconstruction, such as increasing water supply equipment and growing plants in the water, so Lingnan Park should be of high water quality; moreover, the water is utilized for irrigation of the park as a complement to water the green space.

Host: every representative, we all know green hills and clear waters are as valuable as gold and silver. Today, we have invited representatives of sub-district administration, government departments, enterprises and river chiefs to make face-to-face communication with our citizen representatives. Now, citizen representatives may ask questions to the river chief.

Citizen representative: I live next to the Xiachangpu River, and the black water and odorous smell have not been completely solved in the past. We have seen that the government applies great effort to make it improve this time, however, we still wonder if we are really assured after the improvement.

Host: we would like to have our civil river chief to answer the question.

Chen Xinbao: I live next to the Xiachangpu River as well. People got used to using the river water in the past, and it went black and odorous afterwards. The government has devoted huge effort in all aspects, including energy, material resources and financial resources, and it aims to create a good environment for surrounding residents Therefore, we can be assured in this respect. Additionally, the government has established the river chief system to carry out long-term and long-acting management.

Citizen representative: I live in Yonghe Liyuan Housing Estate in Pengpu Town. I watched TV at the beginning of the year that Secretary Han Zheng was inspecting river regulation and demolition of illegal buildings around in Minhang District. I am wondering if the river regulation also involves governance of “Five Violations and Four Enforcements”?

Representative of Pengpu Town Government: I would like firstly to thank this citizen for caring for the river regulation. Actually, the river channel improvement is combined with governance of “Five Violations and Four Enforcements”. We have discovered that a lot of illegal construction and behaviors violating laws and regulations are centralized along both riversides where should be green land or land for public facilities according to the original planning. They are problems left over by history, and a lot of illegal buildings are preserved by now. Shanghai Municipal Peoples Government has proposed requirements on “Five Violations and Four Enforcements” since the year before last, and we have formulated the overall program accordingly and executed it since 2016. We have implemented great improvement in such areas as Zoumatang, Tangnan, etc. From perspective of administration of our town, we will also bring the illegal constructions and structures in Baiyiqiao area and the sample section of Jincheng Road into governance of “Five Violations and Four Enforcements” this year. The goal is not only to complete improvement in this area at beginning of next year, but also that we are striving to expand to inner part of the riverside to completely change environment on both sides of the river channel. We implement the current work in two parts. The first part is involved in the governance of “Five Violations and Four Enforcements”, and we will complete the work in this year. We plan to gradually upgrade the whole regional environment during the process. I believe that residents of surrounding housing estates will have a beautiful and pleasant environment again after a period of effort.

Citizen representative: I live in Alley 1011, Linfen Road Sub-district. The western river channel is around our community, and I have seen demolition of illegal buildings on both riversides. A fence was made after the buildings were removed. However, I noticed that the fence was too close to the street front, and a lot of residents complained the inconvenience. Some said to us that the fence obstructed their regular way. I think this problem is solved today, because I found the fence had been put backward this morning, so that people could walk along the street as usual. My second question is what will this built here? Residents are seriously concerned about it, and some have proposed if it is possible to build a landscape road. Various recreation and sports teams from surrounding housing estates do exercises here every evening, but there is no lamp available, and this is not safe. Therefore, residents expect to have light here for entertainment in the evening?

Host: we would like to have the representative from Linfen Sub-district Office to answer the question.

Representative from Linfen Sub-district Office: in respect to your first question, the fence was made of color plates, and our purpose by erecting the fencing was to avoid construction influence on citizens’ activities as much as possible This area contained some illegal buildings indeed, and, through our effort of the first half year, we have basically demolished all such buildings in our Linfen Sub-district, reaching 5,000m2. In the past, the Yangquan road of 1.38km section was relatively quiet, which is close to the Communist Party School and a science and technology school of Jing’an District. Therefore, we also planned to make this road as a riverside landscape footpath. As mentioned by the leader from the Landscaping Center just now, this road is now almost under planning. This planning program will be a schedule after the sample section of Pengyuepu River is completed, which may be commenced in the second half of the year. We will bring this area with more light, greening and landscaping.

Citizen representative: I am from Yuexiu Housing Estate of Daning Road Sub-district. I would like to express three points of thinking. Firstly, our citizens quite appreciate that our government attaches high importance to river channel improvement, and we all know this is not an easy task. Secondly, I would like to propose some suggestions on Muyibang Creek reconstruction. The Mayibang Creek consists of the east section and the west section, and one section belongs to Mingyuan Housing Estate and Jinmaofu Housing Estate, which has already been enclosed in. I would like to suggest building the riverside footpath crossing the other section. The river channel resource is valuable because this section is densely populated by residents of Mingyuan Housing Estate, Jinmaofu, Yuexiu Housing Estate and Phase 3 and 4 of Mingyuan. We pass this area every evening no matter for walking or for doing exercise, and we aspire that it can be reconstructed to be an area integrating river channel upgrading, water quality improvement and riverside footpath function. My third point is related to Yujingpu River. Its section next to the connection of Guangzhong Road and Yuexiu Road is satisfactory. But imperfectly, the construction sequence was out of order, and construction of exercising footpath before that of greening dirtied the footpath. I suggest that the competent authority may reverse the order.

Host: we would like to have the representative from Daning Road Sub-district Office to answer the question.

Representative from Daning Road Sub-district Office: Mayibang Creek is a relatively short river channel, and its one side has been built as a part of Mingyuan Housing Estate and Jinmaofu Housing Estate, which is beautiful. The other section is now under construction; this project was set up in the latter half of the last year, and it is in the dredging phase. Mayibang Creek will have a public green space nearby in the future, and referring to your suggestion on construction of riverside footpath in the section, we will communicate it with related functional department. About the construction order along the Yujingpu River, I would like to say that the entire riverside improvement consists of greening arrangement and exercising footpath paving, and we, as the local unit, will also communicate with the design unit and the construction unit on relevant requirements in a timely manner. We hope that no repeated investment is made in the construction process. Your third question proposes requests on maintaining cleanliness of surrounding environment and providing people with tidy urban appearance during construction.

Lu Xiaodong: I would like to put in a word that this suggestion is constructive. Comparing with making decisions by ourselves, we prefer to widely listen to residents’ suggestions collect the ideas to improve our design, and we will keep consulting to people during the construction process. Bad orders of construction processes are possibly corrected. River channel improvement, from dredging, demolition of illegal buildings on riversides, construction of exercising footpath to greening construction, involves work of several departments, which also needs overall coordination, and we river chief office should take the lead. The two suggestions should be popularized to apply to larger area rather than only for Mayibang Creek.

Citizen representative: I am from Daning Road Sub-district. There are a lot of senior people and children living in my housing estate, but our exercise yard is tiny. The riverside on the south of the river channel next to our Yuexiu Mingdi Housing Estate is clean; however, it is lack of greening and out of exercising footpath. Senior people have to take a walk or exercise by square dancing on the road to the east side in the evening, and this is not safe. Is it possible to open up the green land in the north?

Host: we would like to have the representative from Daning Road Sub-district Office to answer the question.

Representative from Daning Road Sub-district Officer: Yuexiu Mingdi Housing Estate covers a large area with more than 10,000 residents. We have made requirements and deployment on the estate management in your housing estate in the past few days. We are now focusing on these issues recently. There was a parking lot in North Yuexiu Road, and we made the parking lot moved out after the Spring Festival this year. Then, we have coordinated with the traffic police department that this side of North Yuexiu Road should not be provided for vehicle parking. As a lot of residents normally go through the Pingxingguan Road and the Yuexiu Road, such huge crowd of people will certainly affect vehicles and pedestrians. In addition, there is a building in Yuexiu Road under demolition, and we are propelling relevant work in accordance with relevant requirements. In respect to the problem that Yuexiu Mingdi Housing Estate does not have a green land, we are considering to make adjustment to Pingxingguan Road and the space for Daning Kindergarten to find out space. We will communicate with the northern part on the issue to see if there is any adjustable space in the entire planning layout. Secondly, our Daning Road Sub-district Office should carry out improvement of “Five Violations and Four Enforcements” this year around the Beijiao Railway Station. All illegal structures from Beijiao Station to Zoumatang river channel should be demolished within this year, and the area may up to 10,000m2. Subsequently, these available lands will have adjustment along implementation of greening, and Jingan District Peoples Government is now drawing out the overall planning program. There will be public landscapes and some roads when the development is realized. Thank you for your suggestion. The sub-district office will timely discover and collect residents’ suggestions, and coordinate with the functional department of Jingan District Peoples Government to implement the program as soon as possible.

Citizen representative: I am a citizen representative from Pengpu Town and a volunteer of the river cleaning and protection team. We saw pictures comparing the river channel before and after improvement just now. I live in a housing estate next to the Xiachangpu River, and I still remember that the river water reeked of odorous smell in the past, especially that, there would appear a layer of black unknown substance on the water surface after raining, and it appears foul and dirty. The river becomes more and more clear and the ecological environment changes for the better after improvement applied in these years. I would like to ask our leaders, Jing’an District has spent so much effort to realize river channel improvement, and that what are the features and highlights?

Host: we would like to have General River Chief District Mayor Lu to answer the question:

Lu Xiaodong: in respect to river channel improvement of 12 river channels in Jing’an District, our general idea is to realize full coverage in the first, and make the land area connected in the second step. Citizen representatives asked a lot of questions just now, and it is also a huge information feedback for us. We Jing’an residents are not only concerned about water quality changes, but also care for if it is possible to create more exercising space and beautiful landscape around our living quarters after implementation of arrangement on land, and I believe the positive answer is expected. We will definitely enhance the strength on land arrangement when we devote more effort on river channel improvement of the 12 river channels in our following work. Based on improvement of land arrangement, we will also strive to realize greening and landscape. We planned to study on the issue after completion of the sample section, and I feel like now it is not good, rather, we should study on the problem of Mayibang Creek and Yujingpu River mentioned today as soon as possible. We should think about application of space of 6 to 10m wide after the demolition, and how the spaces for rambling, exercising and relaxing of citizens should be. Therefore, Jingan District Peoples Government will study complete connection and open-up of riversides and onshore lands right away Of course, improvement based on full coverage should be strengthened and accelerated as well. We are more confident after talking to our citizen representatives today. The Director of Shanghai Municipal Greening and City Appearance Management has told me that “the investment after land connection is still huge." You can see that the proposed program is of demanding standards, including facilities around the sponge city concept, that is, the ground water facility and facilities to the underground, and all the greening standards. The Director of the Greening Center mentioned selection of tree species just now, and it is expected that the trees should indicate seasonal changes. In other words, it is aimed to provide people with urban landscape, and we can make photos, have a rest or take a walk here; this is a high requirement proposing high standards. However, I would like to tell you the reply of Jingan District Peoples Government based on our meticulous studies that we are confident and determined to create beautiful landscape along riversides in Jing’an District in addition to doing well in river improvement. Be patient and see what we will provide to citizens. We will show the planning program to citizens by the sub-district offices, neighborhood committees and volunteers in advance and listen to your suggestions. I hope that everyone will continue to pay attention to our river channel and changes on both riversides. Let’s work together!

Citizen representative: I am from Alley 1188, Hutai Road, and I want to make a suggestion. Since the enclosures of Xingguangyao Square have been dismantled, and I am wondering if it is possible to reconstruct the riverside close to the Hutai Road, such as building an exercising footpath, so that people living nearby can have a place for relaxing and exercising.

Host: we would like to have the representative of Pengpu Town Peoples Government to answer question.

Representative of Pengpu Town Peoples Government: we have completed all river channel improvement work in the section of Xiachangpu River. We will carry out improvement activities in the section of Xingguangyao Square in the next step, which will be implemented after the square opens for business. We have considered the space opposite to the square, and we will work together with the River Channel Greening Center for further research specifically later on. We will strive to meet citizens’ demands and perform work in place.

Host: we are sincerely grateful that all citizen representatives have strongly supported our work and proposed valuable suggestions. All departments of Jing’an District Peoples Government, including all river chiefs, will carefully study on the issues and make earnest implementation. Today, we are also honored that Gong Chenggang from Shanghai Municipal River Chief Office have accepted our invitation to participate the activity, and let’s applaud to welcome him to make work report.

Gong Chenggang: I have seen endeavors by various river chiefs at all levels and all department of Jing’an District and felt citizens’ concerns and support for river regulation through this activity. I would like to express my heartfelt appreciation here. At the end of last year, CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee held a video and teleconference to mobilize to carry out river channel improvement work in the whole city. Our city has carried out comprehensive improvement from such aspects as source control and pollution cut, law enforcement supervision, and long-term management based on concerted effort of all levels. I believe our citizens have also felt that the river regulation is a comprehensive and systematic project. Elimination of onshore pollution sources should be the basis of river channel improvement. Citizens must have an intuitive sense that all illegal buildings along the river have completely been dismantled and uncertified ships presenting on the river channel have been removed. The pollution sources along the river are eliminated one by one at the present, and the government has done a lot of work during the process, and we hope that our citizens can give us more patience and support.

District Mayor Lu Xiaodong leads the improvement work centering on full coverage and complete connection while following the mass line, and it is positive and typical. Secretary Han Zheng has commented that "the real satisfaction is that from the masses, and judgment of masses is a scale plate to measure the quality of our work." It is especially urgent to provide our citizens with more happiness and sense of gain after demolition of illegal buildings in governance of “Five Violations and Four Enforcements”. I noticed that a lot of citizens made a smile of understanding when heard there will be so many landscapes along the riverside during introduction made by the Director of Shanghai Municipal Greening and City Appearance Management, and I think you have feel the sense of gain. I have had strong feelings on this point.

The year of 2017 is crucial for full implementation of the river chief system, which is not only to lay the root for eliminating river channel containing unqualified 5 types of water in an all-round way in 2020, but also to building foundations for the citizens’ sense of gain. I think we should further consider preparation for the long-lasting battle to promote the riverside environment quality after river channel improvement during implementation of full coverage of the river chief system, and how to strengthen the system construction to carry out linkage activity of river channel and onshore land. It is the 46th World Environment Day today, and this year's theme is green hills and clear waters are as valuable as gold and silver. To build the good water environment requires not only the commitments of every river chief but also the efforts of the general public. Let’s work together to build Shanghai into a global outstanding city and create an ecological and humanistic city.

Host: our government will try best to meet and exceed citizens’ expectations, since our city cannot develop and prosper without support from citizens. Now we will have General River Chief and District Mayor Lu Xiaodong to make a speech.

Lu Xiaodong: every citizen and media reporter, good morning. It is the 46th World Environment Day today. We invited citizens to visit the river channel in Jing’an District, and due to the limited time, we only visited three rivers. Via this face-to-face communication with resident representatives, Jing’an District Peoples Government has collected good suggestions and ideas. I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to the resident representatives and all resident masses of the whole district for your support on the river channel improvement work. The 12 river channels in Jing’an District should be treasured, but smelly water is uncomfortable. Government officials at our level are to eliminate river water in black with odorous smell according to the requirements of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee and the Shanghai Municipal Peoples Government. We will endeavor to make the river water to reach quality of the 5 types of water in 2020. We must reach the goal and we are determined to reach the goal, providing residents in our Jing’an District, especially those living along the river, a beautiful landscape and living quarter. We have done a lot of work around river regulation, and you have heard reports by three departments. River channel improvement is complicated, and the talk between District Mayor Yao and I is mostly about this issue. We have viewed the riverside in a boat and filled with mixed feelings. I told an officer of the Environmental Protection Bureau at that time that “you may ask for any support for the work, but you must do well in river water improvement.” River channel improvement should be implemented scientifically and systematically. A river does not only flow in Jing’an District, instead, it flows from upstream and to downstream, and it consists of river channel and onshore land. However, no matter how difficult it is, I believe we can perfectly complete the task based on government leadership and organization, combination of all parties involved as well as joint work of river channel and onshore land and within all reaches. The data released by the Environmental Protection Bureau is from daily monitoring in Jing’an District. We can see that water quality in Jing’an has been significantly improved this year comparing with that of last year, which is a relief. We will continue to demolish illegal buildings in 70,000m2 this year, and the land will have landscape design in the next step. I am confident that the 12 rivers in Jing’an District will reach the quality standard of 5 types of water in 2020 based on the strong support of citizen representatives and cooperation of the entire society. In addition to water quality improvement, views on both riversides should also reach the residents’ expectations, realizing beautiful riverside landscape. I believe that this goal will be achieved without double, and I hope the residents will continue to care for, support, understand and cooperate with us.

Host: now, the activity is coming to the successful end, and thank you for your participation.

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