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意向徵詢函-全球環境基金“中國污染場地管理項目”重慶示範項目工業園區土壤和地下水預防預警系統建立

來源:GEF項目  作者:蘇毅  截止日期:2017年11月14日  [ ]

發佈日期:20171114

中華人民共和國

全球環境基金“中國污染場地管理項目”

貸款編號:TF-A0193

項目編號:P145533

任務名稱:工業園區土壤和地下水預防預警系統建立(CC-5-7)

中國政府已向全球環境基金申請一筆貸款,用於建設中國污染場地管理項目,並計劃將其中的部分貸款用於採購諮詢服務。項目旨在提高我國污染場地管理能力,並對持久性有機污染物(POPs)及其他危險化學物質污染場地的環境無害化識別和清理進行示範。

本諮詢服務(以下稱“服務”)內容包括三個任務:1)識別長壽工業園示範區潛在的土壤和地下水污染風險源,研究提出重點控制的有毒有害化學物質清單及土壤和地下水污染風險防控體系建設方案(明確防控重點、目標、技術措施和管理對策),為提升園區土壤和地下水預防預警管理能力提供技術支援;(2)根據園區土壤與地下水環境品質動態變化規律,預測其擴散速度、深度和影響邊界等演變趨勢,確定土壤與地下水環境風險等級,制訂園區相應的管理制度、應急預案和防治措施;(3)構建園區土壤與地下水污染預防預警體系,建立長壽園區土壤與地下水預警與應急響應系統平臺;構建園區土壤與地下水環境風險管理體系並組織相關培訓工作,進行園區風險預警的環境與社會管理示範實踐;提出並編制基於園區土壤與地下水環境污染預防預警的相關指導性標準規範,為管理部門管理並保障園區土壤與地下水環境品質提供決策依據和技術支援。本項工作預計201712月開始,期限36個月,預計共需要79個人月數。

重慶市環境保護局“中國污染場地管理項目”項目辦(重慶項目辦)現邀請合格的諮詢顧問公司(以下簡稱“諮詢顧問”)表達他們提供相應諮詢服務的興趣。有興趣的諮詢顧問應當提供相應的材料,證明具備相應的資質和相關的經驗能夠勝任這項服務。

入選短名單的標準:1)具有合法的經營資格;(2)了解工業有毒有害物質特性及其在土壤和地下水中的暴露途徑,具備5年以上土壤和地下水污染防治經驗;過去5年至少完成1個與化學品管理、土壤地下水污染盡職調查、企業環境和社會風險評估、化學品污染防治技術或應急響應技術之一的項目業績;(3)諮詢服務機構可以通過聯合體或總包/分包的聯合方式以加強其資歷,聯合體的主辦人或總包人應該具有以上(2)的項目業績,諮詢服務機構或其聯合體成員、分包人應至少具有1個預警系統開發經驗。

有興趣的諮詢顧問應當注意20111月(20147月修訂)出版的《世界銀行借款人選擇和聘請諮詢顧問指南》(以下稱“諮詢服務指南”)的1.9段中規定的,世行關於利益衝突政策的條款。諮詢顧問可以聯合其他顧問,以聯合體或者分包諮詢顧問的形式加強他們的資質。

諮詢顧問將根據諮詢服務指南中規定的“基於品質的選擇(QBS)”方式被選出。更多的資訊請於每個工作日上午09:00-12:00,下午2:00-6:00從以下地址索取。表達意向書必須採用書面的形式(面交,或通過電子郵件)在北京時間2017112718之前送達“重慶項目辦”以下地址。

 

重慶市環境保護局“中國污染場地管理項目”項目辦

聯繫人:蘇毅 先生

聯繫地址:重慶市渝北區旗山路252號,郵遞區號:401147

電話:+86-23-88754538;電子郵件:cqsxmb@163.com


 

全球環境基金“中國污染場地管理項目重慶示範項目

工業園區土壤和地下水預防預警系統建設

工作大綱(CC-5-7

    一、項目背景

我國工業園區在産業集聚、促進區域經濟發展和産業升級改造中起了重要作用,是推動工業和經濟發展的主要載體之一。據統計,截至2014年,全國共有各級各類工業園區7000余家。但是,我國工業園區建設起步晚,産業佈局混亂,環保設備設施不完善,無法實現工業三廢統一治理和迴圈利用,忽略污染減排和生態環境建設,致使各種污染物隨工業三廢的進入環境,導致園區成了污染重災區污染聚集區

根據《全國土壤污染狀況調查公報》顯示,在146家工業園區的2523個調查點位中,超標點位29.4%,工礦業廢棄地土壤環境問題突出。研究表明,污染土壤在雨水、徑流及滲透作用下將引起地下水污染,而污染地下水通過遷移和溶質運移作用也會導致土壤的污染。為加強污染場地土壤與地下水污染的防治,環保部頒布了《土壤污染防治行動計劃》(簡稱土十條)。環境保護部環境保護對外合作中心與全球環境基金(GEF中國污染場地管理項目,選擇重慶進行工業園區土壤與地下水污染預防預警體系建設示範項子項目,提升工業園區環境管理和風險防範水準。

    二、示範工業園區介紹

重慶市長壽經濟技術開發區(以下簡稱長壽經開區),成立於2010年,是國家化工新材料高新技術産業化基地、國家級迴圈經濟試點園區,位於重慶東北部,總佔地面積為73.6平方公里。園區分為五個主要工業區:天然氣化工、石油化工、新材料和新能源産業、黑色冶金、裝備製造。迄今為止,有148家企業在園區運營,其中,有大約20家世界500強企業和30家跨國公司,園區記憶體在的潛在污染物包括持久性有機污染物,如:多氯聯苯(PCB)、全氟辛烷磺酸(PFOS)和二惡英、多環芳烴(PAH)和其他有毒污染物。

長壽經開區管理委員會設有環保局,負責園區環境管理,園區已建成污水、固廢、危險廢棄物等污染處理處置設施,同時,建有應急指揮中心、重大危險源視頻監控系統、聯動報警系統、消防特勤站等環境監控和應急體系。

建立工業園區土壤與地下水污染預防預警體系與建設示範項目。根據項目安排,擬對重慶市長壽化工園區(以下簡稱“示範區”)開展土壤與地下水環境開展預防預警體系建設示範,通過調查識別該區域潛在的土壤和地下水污染風險源,開展土壤與地下水中風險要素的現狀和變化情況監測,分析風險演變情況,建立應急響應與風險管理和預防預警系統應用示範,以期對化工園區土壤與地下水污染預防預警提供案例與示範。

長壽化工園區示範區佔地16平方公里,目前已入住企業37家,涉及化工、農藥、制藥、塗料及奈米等新材料行業。

    三、工作目標

識別長壽工業園示範區潛在的土壤和地下水污染風險源,研究提出重點控制的有毒有害化學物質清單及土壤和地下水污染風險防控體系建設方案(明確防控重點、目標、技術措施和管理對策),為提升園區土壤和地下水預防預警管理能力提供技術支援。

根據園區土壤與地下水環境品質動態變化規律,預測其擴散速度、深度和影響邊界等演變趨勢,確定土壤與地下水環境風險等級,制訂園區相應的管理制度、應急預案和防治措施。

構建園區土壤與地下水污染預防預警體系,建立長壽園區土壤與地下水預警與應急響應系統平臺;構建園區土壤與地下水環境風險管理體系並組織相關培訓工作,進行園區風險預警的環境與社會管理示範實踐;提出並編制基於園區土壤與地下水環境污染預防預警的相關指導性標準規範,為管理部門管理並保障園區土壤與地下水環境品質提供決策依據和技術支援。

    四、工作內容

4.1 風險識別和預防預警體系建設方案

調查園區化學品的生産、使用和排放情況,分析有毒有害化學物質環境釋放和排放情況,識別園區重點控制有毒有害化學物質及其對園區及周邊環境土壤和地下水污染的潛在風險,提出風險防範體系建設方案。此項工作要爭取地方項目辦的充分支援,與園區及區內企業保持密切溝通,並在各重要階段召開專家研究會,保證所提方案的科學性、合理性和可操作性。主要工作內容如下:

  1. 調查示範區企業基本資訊。設計調查方案及調查表,現場調查園區生産企業佈局,重點調查示範區各企業化學物質(原料和輔料)的生産、使用、貯存、轉運、廢棄和可能的環境釋放等資訊,示範區大氣、水和固廢等污染治理設施及運作情況,可獲取的監測數據,示範區及區內各企業相關化學品管理的規章制度;
  2. 收集長壽工業園區區域水文地質資料、氣象資料(風向、降雨等),了解當地地下水和土壤特性和背景數值,分析園區污染物擴散情況;
  3. 調查識別園區及周邊環境區域的潛在敏感受體(包括農田、水源保護地、居民居住區等);
  4. 逐一分析示範區企業生産、使用和排放的各個化學物質的理化性質及環境和健康危害性,研究制定示範區有毒有害化學物質的篩選因子,確定示範區重點評估的有毒有害化學物質清單,形成危害性資訊數據庫;
  5. 識別有毒有害物質的暴露途徑,利用技術模擬並結合實際監測等手段預測有毒有害物質可能的環境暴露濃度,分析其對園區及周邊環境敏感受體的潛在暴露風險,提出示範區重點控制的有毒有害化學物質清單;
  6. 針對重點控制的有毒有害化學物質,開展示範區土壤和地下水易污染環節調查,包括化學品原料與廢物儲存、污水管網等、變壓器、地上和地下的儲罐、排水渠和污水池、潛在污染泄漏點位、危險化學品存儲等,識別重點控制的有毒有害物質的潛在風險源,繪製風險源分佈圖;
  7. 調研國際上有關重點有毒有害化學物質的管理和風險控制經驗;
  8. 評估示範區現有土壤和地下水污染預防預警監測體系,研究提出示範區防範有毒有害化學物質進入土壤和地下水的監測需求,明確監測的污染因子和監測位置;
  9. 評估園區現有管理和污染控制技術措施,從污染預防和風險防範角度,圍繞園區有毒有害化學物質的生命週期各環節,綜合考慮各企業現有工藝情況和管理基礎,借鑒國際上有關風險防控的最佳可行技術和最佳環境實踐經驗,研究提出示範區有毒有害物質的風險防控目標、風險防控技術措施(含預警釋放監測和工程式控制制措施)和管理(企業化學品管理規章制度和園區化學品相關管理制度及能力)對策建議,為示範區土壤和地下水風險防範體系建設和完善提供技術支援;
  10. 協助項目辦開展園區有毒有害物質的風險防控技術措施和管理對策方面的培訓,指導園區及示範企業開展有毒有害化學物質風險防範示範工作;
  11. 持續跟蹤園區預防預警監測體系的監測結果,協助項目辦識別異常情況的問題源頭,提出解決對策建議;
  12. 考慮園區及周邊環境潛在敏感受體的保護需求及園區目前有毒有害化學物質的潛在暴露風險,研究提出示範區域新入園企業的有毒有害化學物質的控制要求。
  13. 重要的是區分[1]歷史污染(至少多年),[2]慢性(持續)污染源(例如泄漏污水管線)和[3]偶然污染源(溢出事故)。對於[2][3],諮詢公司將提出強制性報告制度和嚴格規定的建議,包括數據報告要求和立即治理修復、預防未來突發事件的程式。這個區別對於確定工作內容4.1下的措施和設計監測和報告系統很重要。建立土壤和地下水污染水準基準的全部努力(工作內容4.2)包括確定和動力學預測建模對於處理歷史污染源、發現新的沒有被報告和清理的污染源很重要(如果有的話)。
  14. 在風險識別過程中,諮詢公司如果確認了任何現有污染源,需要向外經辦、重慶項目辦及園區環保部門報告。根據國際慣例,任何當前污染土壤和地下水的污染是不可接受的,應立即報告和停止,並立即清理目前污染的任何後果。這並沒有考慮到風險級別。因此即使相對無害的污染物也要立即清理,即使它們少量溢出。所有基於風險的治理修復(或風險控制)僅適用於歷史污染,不適用於近期的污染。(突發性的污染事件採取應急的方式進行處置,對於歷史原因造成的持續性污染源,採取基於風險的治理修復或風險管控方式進行處置。

4.2土壤及地下水污染風險趨勢分析及預警指標研究

1)建立土壤和地下水污染風險預警評估技術方法

繪製環境風險源的時空變化圖:追蹤環境風險源資訊,明確其地理坐標、建立時間、運作時間和退出時間等資訊,以建立環境風險源動態變化圖;

建立地下水污染擴散預測模型:根據園區和企業土壤和地下水調查結果,結合水文地質資料,針對超標污染物,選擇適合的污染擴散模型,預測地下水污染物擴散和消減規律;

建立地下水的環境風險源的危害評估方法和預警等級評估方法:針對地下水脆弱性、污染源潛在危害性、污染源荷載風險三方面建立評估方法,並分析現有應急體系,根據項目需求,改進或擴充現有體系,建立基於GIS平臺的預警預測體系。

通過層次分析法計算各預警指標的權重,選擇風險大、敏感性的關鍵指標;

根據地下水風險源綜合評價結果,建立地下水污染風險預警等級分級標準;

建立土壤污染風險預警等級和指標體系:選擇綜合的土壤污染風險評估方法、指標體系, 並建立土壤污染風險預警分級方法;

2)開展長壽工業園土壤和地下水污染風險預警

進行園區土壤和地下水污染風險預警評估;

繪製園區土壤和地下水污染風險等級圖:包括建立環境風險分級圖、受體脆弱性區劃圖、建立整體環境風險區劃圖等;

評估土壤與地下水污染預防預警技術的有效性及可靠性,進一步完善預警指標體系。

4.3土壤及地下水風險管理與應急響應系統建立

1)建立園區土壤和地下水環境品質數據庫

制定園區和企業的長期監測點長期計劃,並將監測結果呈報園區環保局。

園區環保局在大氣、污水和固廢檔案管理系統的基礎上,新建園區土壤和地下水數據檔案系統,並專門人員負責對數據進行整理、存檔和數字化。

數據庫包括空間數據庫和屬性數據庫。空間數據庫包括基礎地理數據庫、重點風險源數據庫、敏感受體數據庫、水文地質數據庫、土壤與地下水監測數據庫等;屬性數據庫包括工業園區土壤與地下水污染預防預警指標庫、地下水污染預警模型庫、土壤與地下水相關標準規範庫等。

2)建立園區土壤和地下水污染預警資訊管理平臺

①資訊平臺設計:擬以Oracle等數據庫軟體作為後臺支援實現空間數據及屬性數據管理,採用GIS軟體提供數據管理及地圖服務功能,系統結構擬採用跨平臺的B/S架構。系統整體架構採用通用的三層模型。最底層為數據庫層,主要負責數據的存儲、管理和維護;中間層為服務層,主要為通過數據庫和地圖服務,負責處理和響應客戶層的請求;最上層是用戶層,主要為用戶提供瀏覽、查詢和分析數據的界面和介面。

②資訊平臺的整合:以園區應急中心的安全、環保、應急管理系統為基礎,將污染源監測、土壤和地下水監測等監測系統接入現有監測監控系統,同時,將環境品質數據模組、風險評估模組、預警計算模組、應急管理模組、以及專家庫等相關模組單元整合、嵌入,經調試後運作使用。

③資訊平臺管理許可權分配和設置:針對園區污染預警資訊平臺,制定相應的管理許可權和負責人,並將方案上報重慶市環保局備案。

3)編制園區土壤和地下水污染風險應急方案

建立土壤與地下水突發污染事故登記報告制度;

根據園區土壤和地下水污染風險預警等級劃分,針對高風險等級情況制定應急方案和防範措施。

4)組織園區和重點污染企業進行技術指南、資訊系統的培訓。

5)開展園區風險預警的環境與社會管理

編制園區土壤和地下水污染風險的環境和社會管理方案;

在園區內選擇優秀的企業進行環境與社會管理體系案例實踐;

組織園區環保局和企業相關人員開展環境與社會管理體系培訓。

6)專家評審

針對階段性成果和預警資訊數據和資訊平臺建設方案,召開技術鑒定論證會,經過園區環保局管理部門、風險評估和預警專家等方面專家認可後方法實施;

針對工業園區土壤與地下水污染環境與社會管理,組織相關方面專家進行評審。

    五、産出

  1. 總體方案,包括:示範區有毒有害化學物質危害性資訊數據庫和示範區重點控制的有毒有害化學物質清單及清單篩選説明材料;示範區有毒有害化學物質的潛在風險源分佈圖;示範區防範有毒有害化學物質進入土壤和地下水的監測方案;示範區土壤和地下水風險防範體系建設方案(有毒有害物質的風險防控目標、技術措施和管理對策建議);強制性報告制度和嚴格規定的建議;示範區新入園企業的有毒有害化學物質的控制要求;
  2. 示範區土壤及地下水污染風險評估及趨勢分析,及可能出現的風險預警報告;
  3. 示範區土壤和地下水污染預警資訊平臺;
  4. 示範區土壤和地下水污染風險的環境和社會管理方案及風險應急方案;
  5. 有毒有害物質的風險防控技術措施和管理對策以及培訓材料;
  6. 示範區土壤和地下水污染風險預防預警培訓教材(包括環境和社會管理);
  7. 示範區土壤和地下水污染預防預警綜合管理制度。

    六、時間要求

項目預計從201712月開始,至202012月結束。

    七、資質要求

承擔此項諮詢服務的機構需要具備至少如下資質:

  1. 具有合法的經營資格;
  2. 了解工業有毒有害物質特性及其在土壤和地下水中的暴露途徑,具備5年以上土壤和地下水污染防治經驗;過去5年至少完成1個與化學品管理、土壤地下水污染盡職調查、企業環境和社會風險評估、化學品污染防治技術或應急響應技術之一相關的項目業績;
  3. 諮詢服務機構可以通過聯合體或總包/分包的聯合方式以加強其資歷,聯合體的主辦人或總包人應該具有以上(2)的項目業績,諮詢服務機構或其聯合體成員、分包人應至少具有1個預警系統開發經驗。

項目核心成員應由具有下列資質的人員組成:

職位

主要任務

人數

資質

預計工作的月數

具有國際經驗的專家

引進國際上土壤和地下水預防預警政策、技術指南、融資來源方面的經驗,審查重要産出報告

1

具有8年以上從事土壤和地下水污染管理經驗,並具有發達國家在相關領域的國際經驗。

6

高級專家

1) 總體負責項目方案設計及工作計劃的起草;

2) 審閱示範區土壤和地下水風險防範體系建設方案及相關研究報告;

3) 指導各項工作任務的開展。

1

1) 具備化學品和工業園區環境管理、環境工程、監測和土壤等相關領域高級職稱;

2) 具有5年以上相關領域工作經驗;

3) 熟悉工業園區環境管理要求。

12

中級專家

1) 參與各項工作任務,並確保工作順利開展;

2) 編制完成示範區土壤和地下水風險防範體系建設方案及相關研究報告。

2

1) 具備環境工程、化學品環境風險管理和土壤等相關領域中級職稱;

2) 具備相關領域3年以上工作經驗。

36

初級專家

1) 基礎資訊和數據收集

2) 協助完成各項工作。

5

1) 熟悉化學品環境風險評估和風險管理相關技術和管理要求;

2) 具備土壤和地下水污染防控技術研究經驗;

3) 熟悉工業園區環境保護管理制度。

25

合計

-

-

-

79

    八、投入

1.重慶GEF項目辦的投入:負責該項目的協調工作,提供項目所需要的基礎文件(包括整個項目的項目評估文件PAD, 以及工業園區的相關文件)

2.諮詢公司/機構的投入:負責辦公場所、辦公設施、相關人員差旅、相關軟體、專家評審會、相關報告的英文翻譯、報告印刷及裝訂、交通費、培訓費等。


 

 

REQUEST FOR EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST

Issued Date: November 14, 2017

People’s Republic of China

P145533: China Contaminated Site Management Project

Loan No./Credit No./ Grant No.: TF-A0193

Assignment Title: Establishment of Soil and Groundwater Prevention and Warning System in Industrial Park under the China Contaminated Site Management Project-Chongqing

Reference No. (as per Procurement Plan):  CC-5-7

The People’s Republic of China has received financing from Global Environmental Facility (GEF) toward the cost of the China Contaminated Site Management Project, and intends to apply part of the proceeds for consulting services. The Project aims to improve the country’s capacity for managing site contamination, and demonstrate environmentally sound identification and cleanup of sites contaminated with POPs and other hazardous chemicals.

The consulting services (“the Services”) include three tasks as: (i) Identify the potential soil and groundwater pollution risk sources in the demonstration area of Changshou Industrial Park, study and propose the list of toxic and hazardous chemical substances subject to key control and the scheme/plan for establishment of the soil and groundwater pollution risk prevention and control system (define the key points, objectives, technical measures and management countermeasures of prevention and control) and provide technical support for enhancing the soil and groundwater prevention and warning management abilities for enterprises in the industrial park. (ii) According to the quality dynamics change rules of the soil and groundwater environment of the industrial park, predict the evolution trends such as the diffusion rate, depth and influence boundary, determine the soil and groundwater environmental risk level and prepare the corresponding risk management system, emergency plan and prevention & control measures for the demonstration area of the industrial park. (iii) Establish the soil and groundwater pollution prevention and warning system of the industrial park and establish the soil and groundwater warning and emergency response system platform of Changshou Industrial Park; establish the soil and groundwater environmental risk management system of the industrial park, organize the relevant training work and carry out environmental and social management demonstration practices for risk warning of the industrial park; put forward and prepare the relevant guiding standard specifications based on the soil and groundwater environmental pollution prevention and warning of the industrial park and provide the decision basis and technical support for the management department to manage and guarantee the soil and groundwater environmental quality of the industrial park. The Services is expected to begin in December 2017 for a period of 36 months. The total estimated number of staff.months is 79.

The Chongqing Environmental Protection Bureau Project Management Unit (Chongqing PMU) now invites eligible consulting firms (“Consultants”) to indicate their interest in providing the Services. Interested Consultants should provide information demonstrating that they have the required qualifications and relevant experience to perform the Services.

The shortlisting criteria are: 1Have the legal business qualification; and2Be familiar with industrial hazardous chemical characteristics, the exposure routes of pollutants in soil and groundwater, with over 5-year experiences in soil and groundwater pollution prevention and control; Complete at least one assignment in one of the five aspects (chemical management, soil/groundwater pollution due diligence review, environmental and social risk assessment of industries, chemical pollution prevention and control technology, and emergency responses technologies) in the past five years. (3) Consultants may associate with other firms in the form of a joint venture or a sub-consultancy to enhance their qualifications. The lead partner of the joint ventures or the main consultant should have the project experience of (2) above; and the consultants or any partner of the joint venture or the main or subconsultants should have at least one early warning system development experience.

The attention of interested Consultants is drawn to paragraph 1.9 of the World Bank’s Guidelines: Selection and Employment of Consultants [under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits & Grants] by World Bank Borrowers (January 2011, Revised July 2014) (“Consultant Guidelines”), setting forth the World Bank’s policy on conflict of interest.

A Consultant will be selected in accordance with the QUALITY-BASED SELECTION (QBS) method set out in the Consultant Guidelines.

Further information can be obtained at the address below during office hours, from 9:00am to 12:00am and 14:00pm to 18:00pm on working day.

Expressions of interest must be delivered in a written form to the Chongqing PMU address below (in person, or by e-mail) by 18:00 on November 27, 2017 Beijing time.

The Chongqing Environmental Protection Bureau Project Management Unit (Chongqing PMU)

Attn: Mr. SU Yi

Add.: No. 252, Qishan Road, Yubei District, Chongqing, 401147, the People’s Republic of China

Tel: +86-23-88754538,     E-mail: cqsxmb@163.com


 

Term of Reference (CC-5-7)

Establishment of Soil and Groundwater Prevention and Warning System in Industrial Park under the China Contaminated Site Management Project-Chongqing

I. Project Background

In China, the industrial parks play an important role in industrial agglomeration and promotion of regional economic development and industry upgrading and they are one of the main carriers promoting industrial and economic development. According to statistics, by 2014, there were totally over 7000 industrial parks of various levels and various types in China. However, late start of construction of Chinese industrial parks, disordered industry layout and imperfect environmental protection equipment and facilities result in failure in unified treatment and recycling of industrial "three wastes", negligence of pollution reduction and construction of ecological environment, entry of various pollutants into the environment along with industrial "three wastes" and transformation of industrial parks into "pollution affected areas" and "pollution gathering areas".

National Survey of Soil Pollution shows that among 2523 survey points of 146 industrial parks, 29.4% points exceed the standards and have outstanding soil environmental problems on industrial and mineral waste lands. Researches show that the polluted soil will result in groundwater pollution under the action of rainwater, runoff and infiltration, while groundwater pollution will also result in soil pollution under the action of groundwater migration and solute transportation. In order to strengthen prevention of soil and groundwater pollution on the pollution site, the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China issued Soil Pollution Prevention Action Plan (hereinafter referred to as Ten Soil Clauses). In "China Contaminated Site Management Project" of Foreign Economic Cooperation Office of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China and Global Environment Facility (GEF), Chongqing is selected as a demonstration city and will carry out an activity for Establishment of Soil and Groundwater Pollution Prevention and Warning System of Industrial Park, so as to enhance the environmental management and risk prevention capacity at the industrial park.

II. Introduction to Demonstrative Industrial Park

Chongqing Changshou Economic and Technological Development Zone (hereinafter referred to as CETDZ) was established in 2010, it is a national new chemical materials high-tech industrialization base and a national-level circular economic pilot industrial park located at the northeast of Chongqing, with a total land area of 73.6km2. The industrial park is divided into five main industrial zones: natural gas chemical industry, petrochemical industry, new materials and new energy industry, ferrous metallurgy and equipment manufacture. So far, there are 148 enterprises operating in the industrial park, including about twenty global top 500 enterprises and thirty multinational corporations, and the existing potential pollutants in the industrial park include persistent organic pollutants, for example, polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), dioxin, polyaromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and other toxic pollutants.

CETDZ Management Committee assigns an environmental protection agency responsible for environmental management of the industrial park, the pollution treatment and disposal facilities for waste water, solid wastes and hazardous wastes, etc. have been constructed in the industrial park, and meanwhile, the environmental monitoring and emergency systems such as the emergency command center, the major hazard source video monitoring system, the linkage alarm system and the fire service station have been constructed.

 According to the project arrangement, it is proposed to carry out demonstration for establishment of the prevention and warning system for the soil and groundwater environment in Chongqing Changshou Industrial Park (hereinafter referred to as the Demonstration Area), identify potential soil and groundwater pollution risk sources in the demonstration area through investigation, monitor the current situations and changing situations of the risk factors in soils and groundwater, analyze the risk evolution situations and establish the demonstration for application of the emergency response and risk management and prevention and warning system, so as to provide the example and demonstration for soil and groundwater pollution prevention and warning in the chemical industrial park.

The demonstration area of Changshou Industrial Park occupies a land area of 16 km2 and 37 enterprises have entered by now, involving new materials industries such as chemical industry, pesticide pharmacy, coating and nanometer.

III. Objectives

Identify the potential soil and groundwater pollution risk sources in the demonstration area of Changshou Industrial Park, study and propose the list of toxic and hazardous chemical substances subject to key control and the scheme/plan for establishment of the soil and groundwater pollution risk prevention and control system (define the key points, objectives, technical measures and management countermeasures of prevention and control) and provide technical support for enhancing the soil and groundwater prevention and warning management abilities for enterprises in the industrial park.

According to the quality dynamics change rules of the soil and groundwater environment of the industrial park, predict the evolution trends such as the diffusion rate, depth and influence boundary, determine the soil and groundwater environmental risk level and prepare the corresponding risk management system, emergency plan and prevention & control measures for the demonstration area of the industrial park.

Establish the soil and groundwater pollution prevention and warning system of the industrial park and establish the soil and groundwater warning and emergency response system platform of Changshou Industrial Park; establish the soil and groundwater environmental risk management system of the industrial park, organize the relevant training work and carry out environmental and social management demonstration practices for risk warning of the industrial park; put forward and prepare the relevant guiding standard specifications based on the soil and groundwater environmental pollution prevention and warning of the industrial park and provide the decision basis and technical support for the management department to manage and guarantee the soil and groundwater environmental quality of the industrial park.

IV. Scope of Work

  1. Risk Identification and Scheme/Plan for Establishment of Prevention and Warning System

Investigate the production, usage and emission situations of chemicals in the industrial park, analyze the environmental release and emission situations of toxic and hazardous chemical substances, identify the toxic and hazardous chemical substances subject to key control in the industrial park and the potential risks of pollution to the soils and groundwater in the industrial park and surrounding environment and put forward the construction scheme for the risk prevention system. Regarding such work, seek full support from the local project office, keep close contact with the industrial park and the enterprises in the industrial park, hold the expert seminar at various important stages and guarantee the scientificity, rationality and operability of the proposed scheme. Main work contents are as follows:

1Investigate the basic information of the enterprises in the demonstration area. Design the investigation scheme and the questionnaire, perform site investigation on the layout of production enterprises in the industrial park, and lay emphasis on investigation of the production, usage, storage, transfer, abandonment and possible environmental release information, etc. of chemical substances (raw materials and auxiliary materials) from various enterprises in the demonstration area, the pollution treatment facilities for air, water and solid wastes, etc. in the demonstration area and operating conditions, possibly acquired monitoring data as well as regulations and rules on management of relevant chemicals from the demonstration area and various enterprises in the demonstration area;

2Collect the regional hydrogeological data and meteorological data (wind direction and precipitation, etc.) of Changshou Industrial Park, get acquainted with local groundwater and soil characteristics and background values and analyze the pollutants diffusion situations of the industrial park;

3Investigate and identify the potential sensitive receptors (including farmlands, water conservation areas and residential areas, etc.) in the industrial park and the surrounding environmental areas;

4Analyze one by one the physical and chemical properties of various chemical substances produced, used and discharged by the enterprises in the demonstration area as well as the environment and health hazards, study and prepare the screening factors of toxic and hazardous chemical substances in the demonstration area, determine the list of toxic and hazardous chemical substances subject to key evaluation in the demonstration area and form the hazardous information database;

5Identify the exposure pathways of toxic and hazardous substances, utilize technique simulation and combine actual monitoring means, etc. to predict the possible environmental exposure concentration of toxic and hazardous substances, analyze the potential exposure risks to the sensitive receptors in the industrial park and the surrounding environment and put forward the list of hazardous and toxic chemical substances subject to key control in the demonstration area;

6For the toxic and hazardous chemical substances subject to key control, investigate the links vulnerable to pollution for soils and groundwater in the demonstration area, including storage of chemical raw materials and wastes, sewage pipe networks, transformers, overground and underground storage tanks, drains & sewage pools, potential pollution leakage points and storage of hazardous chemicals, etc., identify potential risk sources of toxic and hazardous substances subject to key control and prepare the distribution diagram of risk sources;

7Investigate and survey the international management and risk control experiences related to key toxic and hazardous chemical substances;

8Evaluate the existing soil and groundwater pollution prevention, warning and monitoring system of the demonstration area, study and put forward the monitoring requirement of preventing toxic and hazardous chemical substances from entering soils and groundwater in the demonstration area and define the to-be-monitored pollution factors and monitoring positions;

9Evaluate the existing management and pollution control technical measures of the industrial park, from the perspective of pollution prevention and risk prevention, surrounding various links of the life cycle of toxic and hazardous chemical substances in the industrial park, comprehensively considering the existing process conditions and management basis of various enterprises, learning the international best available technologies and best environmental practice experiences related to risk prevention and control, study and put forward the risk prevention and control objectives for toxic and hazardous substances in the demonstration area, risk prevention and control technical measures (including warning, release monitoring and engineering control measures) and management (regulations and rules of enterprises on management of chemicals as well as management systems and abilities of the industrial park related to chemicals) countermeasures and suggestions, and provide technical support for construction and perfection of the soil and groundwater risk prevention system of the demonstration area;

10Coordinate with the project office in training the risk prevention and control technical measures and management countermeasures for toxic and hazardous substances in the industrial park, and guide the industrial park and the demonstration enterprises to carry out the risk prevention and demonstration work for toxic and hazardous chemical substances;

11Keep tracking the monitoring results of the prevention, warning and monitoring system of the industrial park, coordinate with the project office in identifying the sources of problems of abnormal situations and put forward countermeasures and suggestions;

12Considering the protection requirements for potential sensitive receptors in the industrial park and the surrounding environment as well as the potential exposure risks of existing toxic and hazardous chemical substances in the industrial park, study and put forward the control requirements for toxic and hazardous chemical substances from newcomers in the demonstration area.

(13) It is important to distinguish between [1] historic contamination (at least multiple years old), [2] chronic (ongoing) sources of pollution (e.g. from leaking sewer lines) and [3] incidental ones (spills, accidents). For [2] and [3], a recommendation of mandatory reporting system and strict rules will be proposed by the consultants with details on data reporting requirements and procedures for immediate repair, cleanup and prevention of future incidents. This distinction is important to define measures and design monitoring and reporting systems under the Task A. The whole effort to establish a baseline of contamination levels in soil and groundwater including modelling to identify and predict dynamics (Task B) is important to deal with historic contamination (if any) and to discover more recent sources of contamination in case they have not been reported and cleaned up, as they should have been.

(14) During risk identification, the consultants should report on any current pollution if identified to FECO, Chongqing PMU and the Industry Park Environmental Protection Agency. In line with common international practices, any current pollution of soil and groundwater if identified is unacceptable and should be immediately reported and stopped and any consequence of current pollution should be cleaned up immediately. This is without any consideration of the risk level. So, even relatively harmless pollutants also need to be cleaned up immediately, even if they are spilled in small quantities. All the business about risk-based remediation (or control of contaminated sites) only applies to historic pollution, it does not apply to fairly recent contamination.(Accident pollution will be handled in an emergency manner, and risk-based remediation (or control of contaminated sites) will be applied to historic contamination)

B. Research on Risk Trend Analysis and Warning Indexes of Soil and Groundwater Pollution

1Establishing the technical method for soil and groundwater pollution risk warning and evaluation

Prepare the time and space change maps of environmental risk sources: Track the environmental risk sources information and define the geographic coordinates, establishment time, operation time and exit time, etc. to establish the dynamic change map of environmental risk sources;

Establish the groundwater pollution diffusion prediction model: According to the soil and groundwater investigation results of the industrial park and the enterprises, combined with the hydrogeological data, for pollutants exceeding the standards, select suitable pollution diffusion models and predict the groundwater pollutants diffusion and reduction rules;

Establish the hazard evaluation method and warning level evaluation method for groundwater environmental risk sources: Establish the evaluation method in three aspects: groundwater vulnerability, potential hazard of pollution sources and load risks of pollution sources, analyze the existing emergency system, improve or expand the existing system according to the project requirements and establish the warning and prediction system based on GIS platform.

Calculate the weights of various warning indexes by the analytic hierarchy process and select the key indexes with high risks and sensitivity;

According to the comprehensive evaluation results of groundwater risk sources, establish the grading standard for groundwater pollution risk warning levels;

Establish the soil pollution risk warning level and index system: Select the comprehensive soil pollution risk evaluation method and index system and establish the soil pollution risk warning grading method;

2Carrying out the soil and groundwater pollution risk warning of Changshou Industrial Park

Perform the soil and groundwater pollution risk warning and evaluation of the industrial park;

Prepare the soil and groundwater pollution risk level map of the industrial park: including establishing the environmental risk level map and the receptor vulnerability zoning map and establishing the overall environmental risk zoning map, etc.;

Evaluate the effectiveness and reliability of the soil and groundwater pollution prevention and warning technology and further perfect the warning index system.

C. Establishment of Soil and Groundwater Risk Management and Emergency Response System

1Establishing the soil and groundwater environmental quality database of the industrial park

Prepare a long-term plan for long-term monitoring points for the industrial park and the enterprises, and report the monitoring results to the environmental protection agency of the industrial park.

The environmental protection agency of the industrial park establishes a new soil and groundwater data file system for the industrial park based on the air, waste water and solid waste file management system and assigns special personnel to sort out, file and digitize the data.

The database includes a spatial database and an attribute database. The spatial database includes the basic geographic database, the key risk sources database, the sensitive receptors database, the hydrogeological database and the soil and groundwater monitoring database, etc.; while the attribute database includes the soil and groundwater pollution prevention and warning index database of the industrial park, the groundwater pollution warning model database and the soil and groundwater related standard and specification database, etc.

2Build the warning information management platform for soil and groundwater pollution in the park.

Information platform design: it is proposed to take Oracle and other database software as back-office support to realize spatial data and attribute data management, adopt GIS platform software to provide data management and map service function, and adopt the cross-platform B/S architecture for system structure. General three-layer model is used for overall system architecture. The bottom layer is the database layer, mainly responsible for data storage, management and maintenance; the immediate layer is the service layer, responsible for handling and responding to the request of customer layer; the top layer is the customer layer, mainly providing interface for browsing, querying and analyzing data to the user.

Integration of information platform: based on the safety, environment protection and emergency management system of the emergency center in the park, connect pollution source monitoring, soil and groundwater monitoring and other monitoring systems to existing monitoring system, meanwhile, integrate and embed environmental quality data module, risk assessment module, warning calculation module, emergency management module, expert database and other relevant module units, and operation after debugging.

Allocation and setup of information platform administration authority: For the warning information platform for pollution in the park, prepare corresponding administration authority and person in charge, and report the plan to Chongqing Municipal Environment Protection Bureau for filing.

3Prepare the risk emergency plan for soil and groundwater pollution in the park

Set up a registration and reporting system for soil and groundwater emergency pollution accidents;

According to classification of risk early warning grade for soil and groundwater pollution, prepare the emergency plan and precautionary measures for high risk level.

4Organize the park and major pollution enterprises to perform training on technical guide and information system.

5Carry out environmental and social management for risk early warning in the park;

Prepare the environmental and social management plan for soil and groundwater pollution in the park;

Select model enterprises in the park to perform environmental and social management system case practice;

Organize Environmental Protection Bureau in the park and enterprise related personnel to carry out the training on environmental and social management system.

6Expert review

For stage results and early warning information data and information platform construction plan, hold technical appraisal meeting, and perform after being approved by experts of administrative department, risk assessment and early warning from Environmental Protection Bureau in the park;

For environmental and social management for soil and groundwater pollution in the industrial park, organize relevant experts to review.

V. Output Report

1Overall work program for this assignmentincluding: a)Hazardous information database for toxic and hazardous chemicals and substances list and list of screening materials of toxic and hazardous chemicals of key control in the demonstration area; b)Potential risk source distribution map of toxic and hazardous chemicals in the demonstration area; c)Monitoring scheme for preventing toxic and hazardous chemicals from entering soil and groundwater in the demonstration area; d)Scheme/plan for establishment of risk prevention system for soil and groundwater in the demonstration area (risk prevention and control objectives, technical measures and countermeasure proposal for toxic and harmful substances); e) Recommendation of mandatory reporting system and strict rules; f) Control requirements for toxic and hazardous chemicals of new enterprises in the demonstration area;

2Risk assessment and trend analysis for soil and groundwater pollution in the demonstration area, and risk early warning report(possible);

3Early warning information platform for soil and groundwater pollution in the demonstration area;

4Environmental and social management plan and risk emergency plan for soil and groundwater pollution in the demonstration area;

5Risk prevention and control technical measures and management countermeasures for toxic and harmful substances as well as training materials;

6Risk prevention and early warning training materials for soil and groundwater pollution in Changshou Industrial Park (Including environmental and social management);

7Comprehensive pollution prevention and warning system (with trail run completed) for prevention and early warning of soil and groundwater pollution in the demonstration area.

VI. Time Requirements

The project is expected to begin in December 2017 and end in December 2020.

VII. Qualification Requirements

Qualifications of Firms:

The institution undertaking the consulting service shall at least have the following qualifications:

1Have the legal business qualification;

2Be familiar with industrial hazardous chemical characteristics, the exposure routes of pollutants in soil and groundwater, with over 5-year experiences in soil and groundwater pollution prevention and control; Complete at least one project in one of the five aspects (chemical management, soil/groundwater pollution due diligence review, environmental and social risk assessment of industries, chemical pollution prevention and control technology, and emergency responses technologies) in the past five years.

3Consultants may associate with other firms in the form of a joint venture or a sub-consultancy to enhance their qualifications. The lead partner of the joint ventures or the main consultant should have the project experience of (2) above; and the consultants or any partner of the joint venture or the main or sub-consultants should have at least one early warning system development experience.

Qualifications of Key Personnel:

Core members of the project shall be composed of the personnel with the following qualifications:

Position

Main Task

Number of Persons

Qualification

Planned Work Months

Expert with international experience

Bring in international experience/knowledge on policies and technical guidelines, financing sources for soil and groundwater pollution prevention and warning system, and review key output reports

1

Have over 8 years experience in soil and groundwater management, and have international experience in related field in developed countries.

6

Senior expert

1) Overall responsible for project design and drafting work plan;

2) Check, approve and complete the construction plan and relevant research report for soil and groundwater risk prevention system in the demonstration area;

3) Guide the development of various tasks.

1

1) Have senior titles in chemicals and industrial park environmental management, environmental engineering, monitoring, soil and other fields;

2) Have over 5-year work experiences in relevant fields;

3) Be familiar with the environmental management requirements of the industrial park.

12

Intermediate expert

1) Participate in various tasks and ensure smooth development of work;

2) Complete the construction plan and relevant research report for soil and groundwater risk prevention system in the demonstration area.

2

1) Have intermediate titles in environmental engineering, chemicals and environmental risk management, soil and other relevant fields;

2) Have over 3-year work experiences in relevant fields.

36

Junior expert

1) Basic information and data collection

2) Assist to complete various work.

5

1) Be familiar with the related technology and management requirements for environmental risk assessment and risk management of chemicals.

2) Have research experiences in prevention and control technology for soil and groundwater pollution;

3) Be familiar with the environmental protection management system in the industrial park.

25

Total

-

-

-

79

 

VIII. Inputs and Facilities

Chongqing PMU: Be responsible for the coordination of the project and provide the basic documents necessary for the project (Including the Project appraisal documents -PAD, as well as the relevant documents of the industrial park);

Consulting firms/ agency: Be responsible for office, office facilities, travelrelated software, expert review meeting, translation, report printing and binding, transportation fees, trainingetc.
 

 

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